As a general rule, a contract is concluded in the event that one person makes an offer and another person accepts it by communizing his vote or executing the terms of the offer. Where the conditions are secure and the parties may consider, by reason of their conduct, that they intend to impose the conditions, the agreement is generally enforceable. Some contracts, especially in the case of large transactions such as a sale of land, also require the formalities of signatures and witnesses, and English law goes further than other European countries by requiring all parties to bring something of value, known as „consideration“, to a transaction as a precondition for implementation. Contracts may be entered into in a personal capacity or by an agent acting on behalf of a principal if the agent is acting within the limits of what a reasonable person would consider to be power. In principle, English law gives people wide freedom to agree on the content of an agreement. The terms of an agreement are included by explicit commitments, by reference to other conditions or, possibly, by relations between two parties. These concepts are interpreted by the courts in such a way that they discover the true intention of the parties from the point of view of an objective observer in their negotiating environment. Where there is a gap, the courts usually involve clauses to fill the spaces, but also during the 20th century The 10th century, both the judiciary and the legislator have increasingly intervened to remove surprising and unfair clauses, especially in favor of consumers, workers or tenants whose bargaining power is weaker. To be a legitimate contract, an agreement must have the following five characteristics: if the agreement does not meet the legal requirements to be considered a valid contract, the „contract contract“ is not enforced by law and the injuring party is not obliged to compensate the non-injurious party. In other words, the claimant (non-injuring party) in a contractual dispute suing the injuring party can only receive pre-existing damages if he is able to prove that the alleged contractual agreement did exist and was a valid and enforceable contract. In this case, the waiting injury that attempts to make the non-injuring party a whole is rewarded by the award of the amount of money that the party would have paid if there had been no breach of contract, plus all reasonably foreseeable consequential damages caused by the breach.
However, it is important to note that there is no punitive damages for contractual remedies and that the non-hurtful part cannot be awarded more than the expectation (cash value of the order if it had been fully executed). . . .