Legitimate authors can publish Open Access in two ways: these read and publish agreements have consumed much of the oxygen opened in the past two years. It is an attractive idea to bend the cost of processing items (APCs) into subscription contracts. The universities and national consortia that sign these agreements put an end to the „double dipping“ of publishers that they had taken twice in sight (once for the subscription package and a second time for the authors` fees). With Read-and-Publish, there is a unique award, and scientists get a seamless OA publication in the publisher`s titles. The Read-Publish model is a step in the right direction – it does much more (Global North) gold open access research, often keeps library editions at a level similar to that of previous years (which is a big gain over typical annual increases), and weakens the bargaining power of backfiles. Negotiations The renewal of the so-called „Big Deal“ agreements is an important opportunity to negotiate with publishers. Publishers have been offering their magazines in large packages for more than a decade. This allows universities to access the publisher`s full range of titles. These agreements have a duration of 3 to 5 years. Starting in 2014, negotiations were held with several major publishers to renew these contracts. Universities take the opportunity to discuss with publishers not only the renewal of these licenses, but also the transition to 100% open access. Additional contract information is provided in openaccess.nl.
Professor Martin Stratmann, President of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, said: „The activation of the dissemination of open access research results to improve scientific aspirations has been an essential task of Max Planck since the promotion of the Berlin Declaration in 2003, and that is why we are honoured to organise the implementation of this transformative agreement on behalf of the Alliance of German Scientific Organisations and the German Conference of Rectors. The transition from today`s scientific journals to open access is a great undertaking and we are committed to facilitating the transition to the good of research and researchers everywhere, in full compliance with the principles of Open Access 2020 and Plan S.“ The „transformative“ Read and Publish, part of the agreement, authorizes authors to immediately publish OA in Springer Nature`s collection of 1,900 „hybrid“ magazines and provides participating institutions with permanent access Springer, Palgrave, Adis and Macmillan magazines in the Springer Nature portfolio. The publication and reading fee (PAR) is 2,750 euros for each article published and is paid by the central subscription fund. From August 2020, a 20% discount will be granted on publishing fees on all content published in BMC and SpringerOpen magazines via the open access contract for Germany. Authors are not charged by Springer Nature and the 20% discount applies to fees paid centrally. The agreement between the DEAL and Wiley institutions is part of a coordinated national strategy that allows for a global transition from today`s scientific journals to open access. Starting in 2019, DEAL-Institutions researchers will now be able to read all Wiley magazines and publish their own Open Access primary research and review articles, while maintaining copyright in their works. Wiley does not charge fees for authors covered by the agreement.
Publication and reading fees (PAR) and access to APCS open access gold related to the agreement are paid centrally through the institutions. Some institutional funding policies may vary depending on gold-OA-APCs.