The loan agreement may also include provisions that the net proceeds from certain sales of eligible assets must be used either (1) to reinvest in assets useful in the borrower`s business or (2) repay the loan. In business loan contracts, negative agreements are restrictions and prohibitions on obtaining credit from the borrower as it was at the time of the lender that made its technical decision. To do this, negative alliances allow the lender: one of the main problems with implementing negative alliances is implementation. The agreements are designed to prevent employers or businesses from losing their customers, employees and proprietary information. However, if these acts are committed, the enforcement process takes a long time, with lawyers arguing the facts in court when the damage has already been committed. Restrictions on the substantial modification of the agreement. These provisions often prevent the borrower from changing the terms of essential agreements, such as a contract. B sale with a major customer or the borrower`s underlying administrative documents. These restrictions contribute to the borrower continuing to have a business similar to that which existed at the time the lender made its loan decision on the borrower. A negative bund is a borrowing contract that prevents certain activities, unless the bondholders have agreed to it. Negative alliances are directly enshrined in the denial of trust that creates the issuance of bonds, are legally binding on the issuer and serve to protect the interests of bondholders. From a borrower`s point of view, these alliances can be broadly between positive/positive and negative.
We will first look at negative alliances, which are of the utmost importance in the contracts concluded. These are also called restrictive agreements and are categorized into different subcategos because of their areas of activity such as assets, liabilities, cash flows and control. Restrictions in advance . These provisions often restrict the borrower`s early repayment of credit. Sometimes advances are not allowed at all, while other periods allow lenders to down payment, but add advance penalties if a borrower tries to prepay the principal amount. These restrictions contribute to the lender`s achievement of certain loan performance objectives. Limited payments are amounts paid to thieves, including payments and withdrawals of equity or repurchases of the borrower`s equity units. For lenders, limited payments (1) mean that the cash that could be used to repay or serve the loan is paid by the credit group and (2) that payments for junior commitments – that is, the commitments behind the lender in the capital structure – are made before the loan is repaid.
To address these issues, the Limited Payments Agreement prohibits the borrower from making limited payments until the loan has been granted. Some lenders will allow the borrower to make limited payments that may constitute a fixed amount or that, over time, may be based on an income-based ratio. Some lenders may authorize the payment of cash distributions in the form of financial commitments, including a coverage rate (distributions are deducted from the EBITDA side of the ratio).