The Schengen agreement is also expected to reduce the influx of illegal immigrants to Europe. Over the past 35 years, this problem has deteriorated considerably, which has necessitated the strengthening of regulatory mechanisms. Methods such as the introduction of mandatory police registration and certification verification have been effective as long as the influx of illegal migrants has remained moderate, but now, in the midst of a major migration crisis, European migration policy needs to be adapted. According to the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), the number of recorded attempts to cross the EU`s external borders illegally has reached 139,000 in 2019. Agreements to facilitate the issuance of visas are linked to readmission agreements. Readmission agreements define procedures for returning persons (individuals, third-country nationals or stateless persons) to the EU or the partner country of the third country. The European Commission and the Council of the European Union have recognised that it is possible for third parties (for example. B AUS/NZ) to stay in Europe for more than 90 days under the various visa waiver agreements. For example, New Zealand citizens can stay 51 months in the Schengen area (3 months Schengen visa exemption plus 48 months on the basis of 16 bilateral visa-free agreements). The United Kingdom and Ireland participated in certain aspects of the Schengen Agreement from 2000 and 2002, such as the Schengen Information System (SIS). The list of eligible countries has not been changed with the latest changes. However, by the end of 2022, some nationals who currently require a Schengen visa may benefit from the ETIAS visa exemption.
„The Schengen Agreement (Article 20, paragraph 2) currently allows Member States to extend the permitted stay of third-country visa-free nationals (United States, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Israel, etc.) beyond 90 days on the basis of bilateral visa-free agreements concluded in the past. The new rules significantly change the application process and provide greater benefits to certain categories of candidates. The main changes to the Schengen visa are: the changes to the visa procedure are fraught with many nuances. For example, you can now submit the required documents six months before the trip or get a visa several times easier. However, the purpose of this blog is not to focus on certain specific subtleties, but to try to make a hypothesis about the possible consequences of the changes introduced.