Uncrpd Agreement How Many Countries

The optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is an ancillary agreement with the Convention that allows its contracting parties to recognize the jurisdiction of the Disability Rights Committee to review complaints from persons with disabilities. [40] The text relies to a large extent on the optional protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. In 2001, at the 56th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Mexico began negotiations with the active support of GRULAC (Latin American regional group). When support for an agreement failed in 2002 due to opposition to WeOG, New Zealand played a key role in achieving a supraregional impulse. From 2002 to 2003, New Zealand mediated as Chairman of the Special Committee and negotiated a consensus agreement in August 2006, in close cooperation with other members of the Committee, Jordan, Costa Rica, the Czech Republic and South Africa, as well as with Korea and Mexico. Several observers spoke of the „value-seeking behaviour“ of governments, national human rights institutions and NON-governmental ORGANISATIONS. [16] Article 29 states that all contracting states „protect the right of persons with disabilities to vote by secret ballot in elections and referendums.“ Under this provision, each State party should provide electoral facilities that would allow voters with disabilities to vote independently and in secret. Some democracies, such as. B that the United States, Japan, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Albania or India, allow voters with disabilities to use electronic voting machines or electronic assistants to help voters with disabilities fill out ballots. In other countries, including Azerbaijan, Kosovo, Canada, Ghana, the United Kingdom and most countries in Africa and Asia, visually impaired voters can use Braille or ballot papers. Many of them, as well as other democracies, such as Chile, use adjustable offices to allow voters in wheelchairs to get close to them. Some democracies only allow another person to vote for blind or disabled voters.

However, such a regulation does not guarantee the secrecy of the vote. The DPRC includes many „freedoms of life“ that reflect liberal and humanistic ideals enshrined in the UNITED Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and human rights documents from many states, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act.