What Is The Paris Climate Agreement For Dummies

The agreement recognises the role of non-party stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. (a) To keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to endeavour to limit the increase in temperature to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change; The EU`s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels by 2030 as part of its broader climate and energy policy framework. All key EU legislation to achieve this goal has been adopted by the end of 2018. It is rare that there is consensus among almost all nations on a single issue. But with the Paris Agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change is driven by human behavior, that it poses a threat to the environment and all of humanity, and that global action is needed to stop it. A clear framework has also been put in place for all countries to make emission reduction commitments and strengthen these measures over time. Here are some key reasons why the agreement is so important: Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which sets legally binding emission reduction targets (as well as sanctions for non-compliance) only for developed countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to do their part and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, greater flexibility is built into the Paris Agreement: it does not include language on the commitments that countries should make, countries can voluntarily set their emission targets (NDCs), and no penalties are imposed on countries if they fail to meet the proposed targets. What the Paris Agreement requires, however, is monitoring, reporting, and reassessing countries` individual and collective goals over time in order to bring the world closer to the broader goals of the agreement. And the agreement requires countries to announce their next set of targets every five years – unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which aimed at that target but did not contain a specific requirement to achieve it. Currently, 197 countries – every nation on earth, the last signatory being war-torn Syria – have adopted the Paris Agreement.

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