What Was The Locarno Agreement

The era of better feeling between the Allies and Germany, initiated by the Dawes Plan and then promoted by Mr. Mac Donald and Mr. Herriot, was reinforced in Locarno by the attitude of Mr. Austen Chamberlain and Mr. Briand. Germany has been treated in the same way and formal treaties have been complemented by numerous informal agreements reached in personal talks between Mr Chamberlain and Mr Briand on the one hand, and Chancellor Luther and Dr Stresemann, on the other. It is accepted that the adoption of the treaties would not have been possible, but for informal promises such as Mr Chamberlain`s, to do everything possible to ensure that Cologne is evacuated, at least in part, before 1 December, when the De Locarno Treaties will be formally signed in London. The conference eventually resulted in a number of agreements. The main contract, known as the „Rhine Pact,“ provides for non-aggression obligations on the German, French and Belgian borders; Britain and Italy were guarantors.

Germany thus gave sovereign recognition of what the Treaty of Versaille had imposed: the definitive surrender of Alsace-Lorraine and the demilitarization of the left bank of the Rhine. The treaty provided that in the event of Germany`s occupation of the demilitarized zone, military measures could be taken in response. This contract was accompanied by several arbitration agreements between Germany, on the one hand, and France, Czechoslovakia, Belgium and Poland, on the other. A series of international agreements in Locarno, a spa in Switzerland at the northern end of Lake Maggiore. Their aim was to reduce tensions by guaranteeing the common borders of Germany, Belgium and France, as defined in the peace village of Versailles in 1919. Gustav Stresemann, as German Foreign Minister, refused to accept As immutable Germany`s eastern border with Poland and Czechoslovakia, while agreeing that change should occur peacefully. In The spirit of Locarno, Germany was invited to join the League of Nations. In 1936, Hitler sent his troops to the demilitarized Rhineland, denouncing the most important treaty of Locarno. In 1938, he annexed the Sudetenland to Czechoslovakia and invaded Poland in 1939. The first treaty was the most critical: a mutual guarantee of the borders of Belgium, France and Germany, guaranteed by Great Britain and Italy. The second and third contracts called for arbitration between Germany and Belgium, as well as Germany and France on future disputes.

The fourth and fifth were similar arbitration agreements between Germany and Poland, as well as Germany and Czechoslovakia. Poland and Czechoslovakia, in particular, felt threatened by the Locarno agreements, and these treaties were an attempt to reassure them. Thanks to the Dawes plan, Germany has carried out regular repairs.